Who Invented The Friction Matches? History Of Friction Matches- Biography of John Walker
John Walker - Inventor of the Friction Matches. Inventor of the Stringed Light - John Walker. Since 577 the Chinese have developed simple matches made of wooden sticks containing sulfur. The first modern matches were discovered in 1805 by K. Chancel, assistant Professor LJ Thénard in Paris. The head of a match is a mixture of potassium chlorate, sulfur, sugar and rubber. This match is lit by slipping it into an asbestos bottle containing sulfuric acid. Lighters are quite expensive at the time and its use is dangerous so it does not gain popularity.
The discovery of matches
lit by the first swipe was invented by the English chemist John Walker in 1827. The discovery was initiated by Robert Boylethe 1680s with a mixture of phosphorus and sulfur, but his efforts at that time had not achieved satisfactory results. Walker found a mixture of antimony (III) sulphide, potassium chlorate, natural gum, and starch can be ignited by rubbing it on a rough surface.
John Walker (May 29, 1781 - May 1, 1859) is a British chemist who in 1826 accidentally found a string match by mixing potas and antimony. The first recorded sale of his shop was on April 7, 1827 with the term friction lights. He refused to patent his invention and instead chose to continue his scientific studies. He also does not give the exact composition of his matches. In his neighborhood, he has a reputation as a botanist, develops interest in mineralogical studies, and spends much of his time doing chemical experiments.
Matches (sometimes called hoops or pematik) are a tool to light a fire in a controlled manner. Matches are sold freely in stores in the form of packs of boxes of matches. A match is made up of a log whose one end is covered with a material generally phosphorous which will produce a flame due to friction when rubbed against a particular surface although there is a type of match that can be ignited on any rough surface. Types of matches that use liquids, such as naphtha or butane, are called gas lighters.